Recent studies regarding the biosynthesis of psilocybin provide an answer to this age-old question.
Magic mushrooms have multiple active components including phenethylamine. These molecules are almost never acknowledged and are probably involved the pharmacology of magic mushrooms.
Psilocybin and psilocin are two different molecules found in magic mushrooms. Our current understanding is that psilocybin is inactive but rapidly converted into psilocin, which provides the observed activity.
Baeocystin is closely chemically related to psilocybin, but the scientific community has very little data on baeocystin or its human pharmacology.
On June 4, 2018, The Atlantic published Michael Pollan’s account of studying “magic” mushrooms alongside world-famous mycologist Paul Stamets. According to the story, Stamets took Pollan hunting for the Psilocybe...